Tutorial: HD44780 Display Driver with NXP MCUXpresso SDK

In the age of high-resolution graphical LCDs using a character display might look like a bit anachronistic. But these displays provide a lot of value for me as they are robust, available in different shapes and number of lines. And such a character display can be a better solution for an industrial application.

hd44780 display with NXP FRDM-KW41Z Board

hd44780 display with NXP FRDM-KW41Z Board

In HD44780 2×16 Character Display for Kinetis and Freedom Board I have used Processor Expert to generate the driver. In this article it is about using that driver with the NXP MCUXpresso IDE and SDK.

Outline

This article describes how to use HD44780 (or compatible) character displays with the NXP MCUXpresso SDK and the Eclipse based MCUXpresso IDE. With the help of this article you should be able to use these kind of displays for any NXP MCUXpresso SDK project.

The HD44780 is a commonly used character display controller which can be found in many variants. Just watch out that your display is using the same logic levels (3.3V or 5V) as the microcontroller you want to use with it.

The driver used here has the following features:

  • Static configuration of the driver using configuration header files
  • Support for 1, 2, 3 or 4 line displays
  • 4bit or 8bit GPIO data bus
  • Support for reading data from display
  • Configurable delays to work with ‘non-standard’ displays
  • Variable character width setting
  • Configurable pin assignments
  • Support for custom character sets
  • Special hardware abstraction to work with any SDK and version

For example projects see the links at the end of the article.

Software/Tools

For reference, I have used the following software and tools in this article:

Project

The first step is to create an ’empty’ project with the default settings:

create new project

create new project

Clone the GitHub Repository on https://github.com/ErichStyger/McuOnEclipseLibrary or download the files as zip file and place the files into the project:

mculib with hd44780 files

mculib with hd44780 files

The HD44780 files are in a dedicated folder with pin files for each GPIO pin. The configuration header files are located in the ‘config’ folder.

If added a ‘normal’ folder, make sure the folder is *not* excluded from the build:

not excluded from build

not excluded from build

In the ‘source’ folder there is usually the file ‘semihost_hardfault.c’. This one is not needed as the McuLib comes with its own version for all Cortex-M devices. So you could delete it or exclude it from the build:

semihost_hardfault.c

semihost_hardfault.c

The drivers are using GPIO pins, so make sure that have the SDK drivers for GPIO, Port and Sim present in your project with the ‘manage components’ setting:

manage components

manage components

Compiler Settings

The next step is to tell the compiler where to find the header files. Add the following lines (copy-paste) to the compiler include path settings. This will enable the project to use much more than discussed here (e.g. Segger RTT, SystemView, Percepio Trace, FreeRTOS, …).

../McuLib/config
../McuLib/config/fonts
../McuLib/src
../McuLib/HD44780
../McuLib/FreeRTOS/Source/include
../McuLib/FreeRTOS/Source/portable/GCC/ARM_CM4F
../McuLib/SEGGER_RTT
../McuLib/SEGGER_Sysview
../McuLib/TraceRecorder/config
../McuLib/TraceRecorder/include
../McuLib/TraceRecorder/streamports/Jlink_RTT/include
mculib includes

mculib includes

McuLib Configuration

The main library configuration is in config/McuLibconfig.h. This header file allows a very flexible configuration of the drivers so it can adapt to many MCUs and cores.

The first thing is to check the CPU/Core setting. As the MCU on the FRDM-KW41Z is an ARM Cortex-M0+, the following settings are used:

core configuration

core configuration

cortex m identification

cortex m identification

The next thing to check/configure is the SDK used. In my example I’m using the NXP MCUXpresso SDK V2.2.0:

sdk used

sdk used

Pin Muxing

The driver uses normal GPIO pins: you need at least 4 data GPIO pins with an enable (E) and RS pin  (see HD44780 2×16 Character Display for Kinetis and Freedom Board). The easiest way to configure the pins is using the NXP MCUXpresso Configuration tools integrated in the MCUXpresso IDE:

configured lcd pins in mcuxpresso configuration tools

configured lcd pins in mcuxpresso configuration tools

Configure the pins inside the pin configuration header files:

data pin configuration

data pin configuration

💡 Note that for above I could directly use the information from the baord.h header file. In order not to add yet another dependency, the pin GPIO/Port setting and pin number is kept in a dedicated header file for each pin for better portability.

Configure all pins depending on your hardware connections (RS, RW, E1, E2, number of data pins.

LCD Configuration

The LCD is configured in config/McuHD44780config.h. Here things as the number of character lines, the number of data pins or read ability or timing of the display can be configured:

hd44780 configuration

hd44780 configuration

Driver Initialization

In the application code, the used drivers have to be initialized. The HD44780 uses the McuWait driver has to be initialized too.

Because every display might be different and might need some time to power-up, I recommend to add a delay before accessing the display.

McuWait_Init();
McuWait_Waitms(50); /* give hardware time to power up */
McuHD44780_Init();

It might need 50 ms, 100 ms or even more, so you have to try this out. The McuHD44780_Init() will initialize all the pins and the display. After that, the display can be used.

Using the Driver

There are functions to clear the display, to write to it or to enable things like blinking cursor. The example code below clears the display and writes the data/time:

  McuHD44780_Clear();
  {
    DATEREC date;
    TIMEREC time;

    buf[0] = '\0';
    McuTimeDate_GetTime(&time);
    McuTimeDate_AddTimeString(buf, sizeof(buf), &time, (uint8_t*)"hh:mm.ss,cc");
    McuHD44780_WriteLineStr(1, (char*)buf);

    buf[0] = '\0';
    McuTimeDate_GetDate(&date);
    McuTimeDate_AddDateString(buf, sizeof(buf), &date, (uint8_t*)"dd.mm.yyyy");
    McuHD44780_WriteLineStr(2, (char*)buf);
  }
hd44780 display with NXP FRDM-KW41Z Board

hd44780 display with NXP FRDM-KW41Z Board

Summary

I’m using HD44780 displays if a simple display solution with no graphics is all what I need. I’m using the McuLib shown here in many projects: it works with many microcontroller and different SDK versions. The driver uses configuration header file(s) and easily integrates into Eclipse IDE (MCUXpresso IDE), SDK and graphical configuration tools (MCUXpresso Configuration Tools).

Happy Charactering 🙂

Links

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8 thoughts on “Tutorial: HD44780 Display Driver with NXP MCUXpresso SDK

  1. Erich

    Some 15 years ago we developed this: http://www.mjbc.ch/eng/VIP/VIP_Panel_3.htm
    (or http://www.mjbc.ch/de/VIP/VIP_panel_3.htm in German). For an LCD development a week ago I used it to get refresh my memory on the controls and found it still works to 90% under Widows 10.

    Install it and start it and open the design “piccolo.vip” which is in the installation directory: C:\Program Files (x86)\M.J. Butcher Consulting\VIPpanel eng\VIPDesigns\FrontPanels since it has a 2 x 24 line LCD. Or there are a couple of other pre-installed design files too.

    In the menu “View | Control Panel” all of the HD44780 commands can be tested and user defined characters created.

    It is fun too!

    Regards

    Mark

    Like

  2. Hi Erich
    I got stuck trying to build a new project using your tutorial. I created a blank project, then followed your instructions as far as LCD configuration. Then I tried to use your driver in my own main.c but it wouldn’t build. To see where the problem is, I just copied your main.c, application.c, application.h, and Platform.h into my new project. This gave the following errors when I tried to Build it. (There were more errors of the same sort but I didn’t copy them)

    “Building target: KW41Z_LCD_Test.axf
    Invoking: MCU Linker
    arm-none-eabi-gcc -nostdlib -Xlinker -Map=”KW41Z_LCD_Test.map” -Xlinker –gc-sections -Xlinker -print-memory-usage -Xlinker –sort-section=alignment -mcpu=cortex-m0plus -mthumb -T KW41Z_LCD_Test_Debug.ld -o “KW41Z_LCD_Test.axf” ./utilities/fsl_debug_console.o ./startup/startup_mkw41z4.o ./source/Application.o ./source/main.o ./source/mtb.o ./source/semihost_hardfault.o ./drivers/fsl_clock.o ./drivers/fsl_common.o ./drivers/fsl_flash.o ./drivers/fsl_gpio.o ./drivers/fsl_lptmr.o ./drivers/fsl_lpuart.o ./drivers/fsl_smc.o ./board/board.o ./board/clock_config.o ./board/peripherals.o ./board/pin_mux.o ./CMSIS/system_MKW41Z4.o
    Memory region Used Size Region Size %age Used
    PROGRAM_FLASH: 12532 B 512 KB 2.39%
    ./source/Application.o: In function `AppTask’:
    C:\Users\steph\Documents\MCUXpressoIDE_10.3.0_2200\workspace\KW41Z_LCD_Test\Debug/../source/Application.c:48: undefined reference to `LEDpin1_NegVal’
    C:\Users\steph\Documents\MCUXpressoIDE_10.3.0_2200\workspace\KW41Z_LCD_Test\Debug/../source/Application.c:49: undefined reference to `vTaskDelay’ ……………………”

    Am I missing a step, or doing something wrong?

    Thanks

    Steve

    Like

    • Hi Steve,
      I think your folder with McuLib is not compiled (not included in the build). I have added a step/screenshot (plus the thing about the semihosting hardfault) to the article, search for ‘exclude from build’.

      I hope this helps,
      Erich

      Like

  3. Hi Erich

    Yes, you were right. I have fixed those errors but now get this error:

    “../McuLib/src/McuArmTools.c:82:14: fatal error: fsl_sim.h: No such file or directory
    #include “fsl_sim.h” /* system integration module, used for CPU ID */
    ^~~~~~~~~~~
    compilation terminated.”

    Sorry to be a pain and thank you for your patience!

    Steve

    Like

    • Hi Steve,
      I’m sorry, it looks I have skipped steps which are kind of natural for me (‘deformation professionelle’?). You have to manage the components, I have added as screenshot about this to the article.
      I hope this helps,
      Erich

      Like

  4. Hi Erich
    Everything works now! Thank you so much. This has been a valuable process of education for me in using MCUXpresso (as well as how to use the LCD). I shall let you enjoy your afternoon now without further interruptions.
    Steve

    Like

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